Isn’t It Unrealistic to Expect People to Reduce Their High-Risk Sexual Behavior?
Isn’t it unrealistic to expect people to reduce their involvement in high-risk sexual behavior?
Such change may be difficult and even unpopular. But it is not impossible for education to result in significant changes in people’s sexual behavior. For example, Uganda has seen a greater decline in HIV than any other country in the world due to a national public health campaign based on its “ABC” model:
“A”—Abstain from sex until marriage
“B”—Be faithful to your partner
“C”—Use condoms if you are unwilling to practice abstinence and fidelity.
Joseph Loconte, a researcher for the Heritage Foundation summarizes the main lessons drawn from Uganda’s campaign against AIDS:
“The link between Uganda’s “ABC” approach and the dramatic reduction in the country’s HIV/AIDS rate is now widely acknowledged. Based on research data collected over the past decade, several lessons can be drawn from the success of Uganda’s strategy:
- High-risk sexual behaviors can be discouraged and replaced by healthier lifestyles.
- Abstinence and marital fidelity appear to be the most important factors in preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS.
- Condoms do not play the primary role in reducing HIV/AIDS transmission.
- Religious organizations are crucial participants in the fight against AIDS.”